Tigers are the largest of the big cats. At the turn of the last century there were more than 100,000 wild tigers but expanding human populations, habitat and prey loss along with poaching means that today as few as 3,500 tigers survive worldwide.

Once, tigers could be found as far west as Turkey and throughout China to the east. Having lost 93% of their traditional range tigers are now found in increasingly isolated pockets from snowy Russia in the north to the tropical forests of Sumatra in the south. Unlike lions, tigers tend to live and hunt alone.



Up to 325kg







Where in the world?

The largest population is found in India which holds 70% of the world's wild tigers. They can also be found in the Russian Far East, Thailand, Indonesia and Sumatra. Living in increasingly isolated pockets the survival of tigers in the wild is of great concern. The David Shepherd Wildlife Foundation funds tiger conservation, anti-poaching, education, community outreach and undercover investigation work in Russia, India and Thailand to help protect this rare cat.


DSWF works in Assam and across India to help protect wild tigers. Anti-poaching and park protection work is carried out alongside community outreach and education in the fight to protect the world's most charismatic big cat.

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Russian Far East

Working to protect the rare Amur tiger in the Russian Far East DSWF funds anti-poaching and education work and supports the rescue and rehabilitation of orphaned tigers.

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DSWF funding is helping to protect a small but critically important population of Indochinese tigers in the forest of Thailand.

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The Amur tiger is the largest of all the big cats with adult males measuring up to 3 metres from the tip of their nose to the end of their tail. The largest ever recorded measured 4.17m!


Ambush predators, they rely on the cover of their forest homes to stalk their prey and their distinctive striped pattern provides camouflage among the trees.


A female tiger will have between 1 and 5 cubs. They will stay with her, learning the skills they need to survive in the wild, until they are about 18 months old. At this time their adult teeth have grown and they are ready to hunt alone.


Tigers are one of the few cats that love water. They will lie in pools to keep cool and are known to swim great distances. In the Sunderbans in India they have also adapted to salt water.

Discover more about Tigers

You can help save the tiger by supporting the David Shepherd Wildlife Foundation's work either by fundraising as a school or an individual, adopting Zhorik, Rahni or Augustus or entering our annual art and poetry competition. For more information you can download our animal fact sheets and posters too!

Photography courtesy of Arkaprava Ghosh, Suzi Eszterhas, Michael Vickers